These terms of use (“Terms of Use”) govern your access and use of the International Institute for Sustainable Development’s (“IISD,” “we,” “us,” “our”) website(s) located at (the “Website”). Please read the following Terms of Use before using the Website. By accessing and using the Website, you agree to be bound by all the Terms of Use set forth herein. If you do not agree with these Terms of Use, your sole recourse is to cease using the Website immediately. A copy of these Terms of Use may be downloaded, saved, and printed for your reference.  

1. Privacy Policy

To view our Privacy Policy, see

2. Ethics and Compliance

To view our Ethics and Compliance Policy, see 

3. Links to Outside Resources may link to other external resources (such as websites, mobile applications, etc.). In doing so, we are not—either directly or indirectly—implying any approval, association, sponsorship, endorsement, or affiliation unless specifically stated. Such linked websites are independent of IISD, and IISD has no control over the content of such websites. Consequently, IISD cannot be held liable and makes no warranty or representation whatsoever as to the accuracy, timeliness, and/or completeness of the information contained on such websites. 

4. Copyright and Permissions

Intellectual Property

The Website is owned and operated by IISD. Any and all content, data, graphics, photographs, images, audio, video, software, systems, processes, trademarks, trade names, and other information contained in the Website (collectively, the “Content”) are proprietary to IISD or third-party licensors. The Content is protected by Canadian, United States, and international copyright and trademark laws. 

Open Use Policy

IISD publishes all content (with the exception of photos, see Point 5) under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) licence, which requires that: 

  • Attribution to IISD is given and a link to the CC licence is included.
  • The material cannot be used for commercial purposes.
  • If the material is remixed, transformed, or built upon, distribution of this altered material must also be under a CC licence.

Under this licence, users of the Website are encouraged to use IISD published material for their own non-commercial use. For online use, in addition to the link back URL to the Creative Commons licence, we ask that you also provide a link back to the Website URL where the original content can be found.

If you are interested in using IISD material for commercial purposes, please contact us for permission.

Republishing IISD Reports and Linking to URLs

We do not allow for our published reports and other publications (“IISD Reports”) to be reproduced or otherwise made available for download on non-IISD websites without prior permission. We request that you use the URL when linking to our IISD Reports. This ensures we are able to accurately track the use of our research and communications outputs for evaluation purposes. 

Permission is not required for the use of IISD links on outside websites. We encourage links to our Website wherever possible. 

If you are interested in having an IISD publication available as a downloadable resource on your website, pleas contact us for permission:

Kathy Clark, Senior Communications Manager

5. Photography

The majority of photos found on the Website, in IISD publications, and in communications outputs are acquired from third-party stock photo providers. We cannot give permission for the use of these photos. 

For photos found on or, please contact us for more information on terms of use.

6. Changes and Amendments

IISD reserves the right to change these Terms of Use at any time and to notify you by posting an updated version of the Terms of Use on the Website. When we do, we will revise the updated date at the top of this page. Additionally, IISD reserves the right at any time and from time to time to modify or discontinue, temporarily or permanently, the Website (or any part thereof) with or without notice. You are responsible for regularly reviewing the Terms of Use, including, without limitation, by checking the date of “Last Update” at the top of this document. Continued use of the Website after any such changes shall constitute your consent to be bound by such changes, with continued provision of the use of the Website constituting consideration from IISD to you for so being bound. Your only right with respect to any dissatisfaction with (1) these Terms of Use (2) any policy or practice of ours in operating the Website or (3) any content available through the Website is to stop visiting and using the Website.

7. Disclaimer/Limitation of Liability

Although we strive to update and keep accurate as much as possible the content contained on the Website, errors and/or omissions may occur and we cannot guarantee it is accurate and complete at all times. 

Accordingly, to the extent permitted by applicable law, the Website, including the content provided herein, is being provided on an “as is” and “as available” basis and without any warranties or conditions of any kind, either express or implied. IISD disclaims all warranties and conditions, express or implied, including, but not limited to, implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement. IISD does not warrant that the functions on the Website will be uninterrupted, error-free, or free of viruses or other harmful components. 

In no event shall IISD, its affiliates, officers, employees, agents, and licensors be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages that result from or are in connection with the use of, or the inability to use, the Website, any content, even if IISD has been advised of the possibility of such damages. We do not warrant the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or currency of any content.

8. Indemnity

You agree to indemnify and hold harmless IISD, its affiliates, officers, employees, agents, and licensors from and against any and all losses, expenses, damages, claims, fines, penalties, costs, and liabilities (including reasonable legal and accounting fees), resulting from (1) your use of the Website, or (2) any alleged violation by you of these Terms of Use.

9. Trademarks

“International Institute for Sustainable Development” and “IISD” are trademarks of IISD. All non-IISD trademarks appearing on the Website are property of their respective owners. Our trademarks may not be used in any manner for any purpose without our express written consent.  

10. Applicable Laws

These Terms of Use shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the Province of Manitoba and of the laws of Canada applicable therein, and any dispute is to be submitted to a court of competent jurisdiction in the judicial district of Winnipeg, Province of Manitoba.  

If any provision of these Terms of Use is held to be unlawful, void, or for any reason unenforceable, then such provision shall be severable from these Terms of Use and shall not affect the validity and enforceability of any remaining provisions. A printed copy of these Terms of Use and of any notice in electronic form shall be admissible in any judicial or administrative proceedings to the same extent and under the same conditions as other business documents and records originally generated and maintained in printed form. 

11. Acceptance of These Terms

You acknowledge that you have read and agree to these Terms and Conditions. 

These Terms of Use, including any documents referenced herein, constitute the entire agreement between you and IISD with respect to the Website.  

Contacting Us

For more information, please contact:

IISD Publishing at